I felt like a kind of guys from Monsters Inc. You realize, those within the large yellow hazmat fits. A needed precaution! I used to be getting into probably the most advanced manufacturing surroundings on the earth. One which requires a lot precision that even microscopic particulates out of your breath can disrupt it.
Throughout a 6 month internship at Intel, I study so much concerning the semiconductor trade. How it’s going by a time of turmoil, how Intel is reacting and why this implies machine studying might be extra vital. I noticed how the whole lot from old-school CV algorithms to LLMs assist to provide the world’s Most worthy commodity — chips.
I wish to share this expertise with you.
1) “Intel is sort of a bakery”
is how my supervisor tried to summarise a course of that I may by no means totally perceive. They:
- Create recipes → design chips
- Bake bread → manufacture chips
However they don’t construct the machines to do that.
I noticed a few of these up shut. Probably the most spectacular are the photolithography machines constructed by ASML. They use mild waves to etch patterns just a few atoms broad into silicon wafers. The shorter the wavelength the smaller you can also make the transistors in a chip. That is the important thing driver of Moore’s legislation.
… to make EUV lithography attainable, we would have liked to engineer a method to create such mild inside a system. So, we developed a radically new strategy to producing mild for lithography. — AMSL
Probably the most superior machine produces excessive ultraviolet (EUV) mild. That is carried out by capturing laser pulses at droplets of tin to provide plasma. To supply sufficient, 50000 droplets are hit per second. The machine I used to be took over 17 years and $6 billion to create.
So yeah, like a bakery … with some very costly ovens!